Wrestling, Warships and Nationalism in Japanese-American Relations
Martin J. Meyer
University of Vechta, DE
Dr. Martin J. Meyer is a lecturer for school pedagogy and educational science at Vechta University, Germany. He is a founding member of the German Society of Sport Science’s Committee for Martial Arts Studies and the Journal of Martial Arts Research (JOMAR). In 2017, he received a scholarship from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) for a research cooperation project at Kanazawa University, Japan. His main research interests are motives for martial arts participation, mundane phenomena such as hockey fights, night-time economy and prison rehabilitation programs, as well as basic research.
The following article explains how the metaphors ‘wrestling body’ and ‘warship’ are combined, mutually reinforced and nationalistically instrumentalised in the context of sporting events. The first case study examines contentious Japanese public discussions of the possible promotion of American wrestlers to the highest rank in professional sumō. The following case explores the staging of an American actor dressed as a Japanese sumō wrestler for the purposes of patriotic dramatization in North American pro wrestling. Both incidents have metaphorical and temporal parallels which reached their respective symbolic climax in 1993.